Creatures,  The Curious World

The Curious World: Pulgas Vestidas, the World’s Smallest Dolls

Dolls have been part of our history for thousands of years. During my research, I’ve found that some dolls are more curious than others. In this post, I’d like to share with you the art of Pulgas Vestidas.

The smallest dolls in the world are a form of anthropomorphic taxidermy. Can you guess what creatures?

The Beginnings

In the late 19th century, and for reasons which I am yet to fathom, Nuns in a convent in Mexico began to dress dead fleas in tiny costumes. Their strange art became so popular that by the 1920’s, those who had the patience, some tweezers and also very good eye-sight, were also getting in on the act. Within a short time, this unusual art called ‘Pulgas Vestidas’ which literally means ‘dressed fleas’, became part of the Mexican tourist trade.

'Fleas in Dresses' Photographed by The Times in 1919
‘Fleas in Dresses’ Photographed by The Times in 1919

Tiny fleas dressed in human clothes were set in matchboxes. Sometimes the fleas were set in whole scenes and miniature dioramas of village settings appeared. These tiny creatures were placed as families and as people going about their daily routines holding tools and goods. Bride and Groom sets were the most popular of these unusual scenes, and also farmer and wife sets. The wedding scenes saw the little pests equipped with a veil and a top hat. Farming scenes showed miniature tools and goods, the farmer with a miniature sombrero on his head and his wife an apron!

The Decline

Sadly, many of these curiosities from the early 19th century did not survive. This was mainly because people became increasingly aware of hygiene. From the 1930’s, anything to do with fleas was increasingly regarded as unhealthy. Subsequently, pulgas vestidas along with flea circuses lost both their charm and their popularity and were probably resigned to the dustbin.

Their Value

Pulgas vestidas are now very desirable to the dealer or collector, be sure to snap them up quickly if you see one for sale. Dressed fleas are now extremely rare and valuable collector’s items, generating hundreds for a wedding pair and thousands for a whole collection.

Antique collection of Pulgas Vestidas from the Art and History Museum in Brussels
Antique collection of Pulgas Vestidas from the Art and History Museum in Brussels

But the lost art has been brought back. There is a person currently dressing fleas and has declared himself to be the only person in the world who still practises this art. Click here to visit his website:



  • Steve White

    Hello. I see you found some of our images from the sale of some of our Pulgas Vestidas collection in 2016.

    I have many eclectic items in our collection. All are flea, or insect, or flea circus related.

    IF you let me know what type of links, blogs and articals you write, I can provvide you with some very rare and eclusive photos.

    There is an image on the facebook page above of micro Bone dice and dice holder with a penny. Although they are quite impressive for the pre 1920’s, the box title is C.C. Lord and Co. In San Francisco. I contacted the San Fran library and they used the telphone directory to establish the business was open at one or either address between 1904 and 1911. Thus the dice package and contents are a minimum 112 years old!

    Contact me for soem obscure information. Use the Facebook page as a tip of the iceburg teaser!

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